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Can Border Collies Live Outside? Important Advice

  • Veterinarian Approved!

As Border Collies are strong working dogs, it’s frequently asked whether or not they are capable of living outside. Although collies are resilient, this article will explain why for most, it’s not a good idea but I’ll also cover when it might actually be possible. Let’s get into it!

Border Collies are a breed that does better living inside the home with their owners. Despite being classed as working dogs, collies are very human-orientated and crave being close to their owners and family. Many issues can arise from living outside.

Let’s explain why this in full detail, and whether living outside can work under the right circumstances…

Can Border Collies Live & Sleep Outside

Working dogs have forever been associated with living and sleeping outside, and with the collie’s extensive history of working outside, it’s no wonder owners ask the question.

Nowadays most Border Collies are owned as domestic pets rather than for working-purposes. And living inside the home close to you and your family is infinitely better and healthier for any collie.

Let’s cover some of the reasons why this is.

Collies are very human orientated ⭐

If you already have a Collie, you’ll know just how closely attached they become to their owners!

The bond they develop with their human family is significantly higher than many other breeds. And this makes living outside very difficult for them from an emotional standpoint.

Many behavioral and temperamental changes can occur when a breed like the Border Collie feels alone and isolated. This is perhaps the most important reason as to why Collies don’t suit outside living.

The downsides to living outside ⭐

Living outside creates many challenges and could have various negative effects. Let’s run through some of the likely results.

Collies can’t handle very cold conditions
● Collies suffer from separation anxiety and get lonely quickly
● Increased chance of disobedience
● Increased chance of aloofness and aggressive tendencies
Increased chance of developing depression and stress
Cold weather brings extra challenges to keep the housing-unit warm & safe
The chances of a lower quality of life are dramatically increased

It’s safe to say that any Border Collie owner would want to avoid all of those situations above! Yet they are quite likely to happen from outside life.

Additional Articles To Check Out!
Are Border Collies Good With Kids? FAQ’s For Parents
The Important Differences Between Male and Female Border Collies

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When It’s Possible For Border Collies To Live Outside

Even though it may not suit most collies and families, It’s important to acknowledge the fact that it is still possible for them to live outside under the right circumstances.

If your collie is part of a pack (at least 3)

If your collie is not alone and is in a pack of other collies or dogs, then it does make it somewhat easier for them to live happily outside. If you have at least 3 or 4 other dogs outside they will keep each other company, warm, and will even support each other emotionally to some extent.

Most packs will still wait and crave their owner’s attention, however, so keep in mind that living in a pack doesn’t completely solve the issue. It’s very important not to overlook this point… Even two or three dogs together can still develop separation anxiety towards their owner.

If you live somewhere without cold temperatures

Aside from the issue of loneliness, it’s the cold weather that poses the next biggest challenge to overcome. However, if you live in a part of the world where temperatures are pretty average, this is a huge advantage.

Secure housing will of course still need to be provided for safety reasons, but if the temperatures stay fairly consistent throughout the year then a collie will be able to keep herself warm enough without any issues.

Suitable housing is always a must

If you do happen to live somewhere with reasonable temperatures and own a pack of dogs, you still have to provide excellent housing.

Housing is to protect them from other animals as well as prevent them from escaping.

Ideally, the living area will have a gated/fenced off outside area with a fully secure inside housing unit too. The housing unit is for them to sleep comfortably and securely while the outside area can act as their daytime area.

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Should Your Collie Live Outside?

For the vast majority of owners, having your Border Collie live indoors with you is going to be the best option by far. Even if you own your Collie for working purposes, having her indoors is still the best way to go.

Even if you have multiple dogs and have reasonable temperatures, it also comes down to the quality of life, and nothing rivals them living inside our home with us.

There’s a lot that can go wrong trying to have your Collie live outside, from weather condition issues, housing issues, and the negative effects it can have on her behavior and temperament. In the end, it’s not going to be pleasant for your Collie.

Of course, everyone has a right to do as they feel fit, just be sure to consider how this affects your Collie.

Recommended Read: Why Is My Border Collie Drooling So Much?

Thank you for reading!
Was your question answered sufficiently? I love to hear feedback and respond to my readers. If there’s anything that you feel is missing, please let me know so I can adjust my content to help future readers! For now, all the best, Harry.

View all Border Collie articles >>

Additional Articles To Check Out:
Can Border Collies Be Shaved?
15 Fruits That Are Safe & Unsafe For Border Collies


Before making any decisions that could affect the health and/or safety of your dog, you should always consult a trained veterinarian in your local area. Even though this content may have been written/reviewed by a trained veterinarian, our advice to you is to always consult your own local veterinarian in person. For the FULL disclaimer Visit Here

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